Essay about Health Implications Of Childhood Obesity

1663 Words Dec 14th, 2015 7 Pages
Obesity results from an energy imbalance involving excessive calorie consumption and inadequate physical activity (Karnik, 2012). Factors influencing the onset of obesity include genetic, behavioral, cultural, and environmental (Karnik, 2012). This paper will explain the significant health implications of childhood obesity, describe the risk factors that contribute towards obesity, and use the Social Cognitive Theory and the theory of planned behavior to describe how different factors influence an individual’s behavior regarding food consumption and physical activity leading them to become obese.
Significance of health Behavior
According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States has doubled in children and quadrupled in adolescents over the past 30 years. The State of Obesity report (2015) indicates 30% of adults and 17% of children currently qualify as obese. Disparities in the prevalence of obesity exist between age, race/ethnicity, gender and SES.
Results from the 2011–2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) show that the overall prevalence of obesity among youth, ages 2-19, in the United States was 17.0%, (12.7 million). Out of the 12.7 million obese youth, 8.9% were between the ages of 2 and 5, 17.5% were between the ages of 6-11 and 20.5% were between the ages of 12-19. The prevalence in gender was slightly lower in males (20.1%) than females (21.0%). The prevalence differed among race…

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