Hammurabi: The First Babylonian Empire

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Essay Topic 1

Around the year 2000 B.C.E., the rulers of Babylon integrated all of the surrounding regions of Sumer to organize the First Babylonian Empire. In order to successfully unite these regions, a strong and advantageous leader known as Hammurabi was chosen as the sixth King of the Babylonian Empire. Hammurabi developed a system of collecting a culmination of the local statutes and the existing legal practice codes and combined 282 laws with scaled punishments into one single body of law, known as Hammurabi’s Code.
Hammurabi’s Code was not bound by spiritual basis but was rather representative of the activities and behaviors of the Babylonian society’s everyday life. The code prevented the Monarchy from having complete control over
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Their status was reduced to “slaves” after being successful for hundreds of years, due to military and political instability. They would again acquire their liberation during the Egyptian rule and help of Moses, around ca. 1250 B.C.E. The story of how he led them to freedom, through the Red Sea, and finally to settle in the Sinai desert remains the basis of the second book, Exodus of the Hebrew Bible. They laid their foundation of monotheistic beliefs that there is only a single Creator-God; the one who created the heavens and earth and everything in …show more content…
I would have preferred to live in the Hebrew society because their beliefs were more similar to mine, and I also think that women and slaves were treated much better than in the Babylonian society. I believe everyone should be treated equally; that every legal right would apply to all people. I also think the Ten Commandments are easier and more logical to follow than Hammurabi’s Code, because they reflect a good set of morals. I see Hammurabi’s Code as barbaric in the sense of the way they laid out their punishments for the law-breaking citizens, with the exception to murder, but I would agree in the sense of doing good deeds. One could argue that eternal damnation is much worse of a punishment, than paying for a consequence in this life, but since I’m a law abiding citizen, and basically have high moral standards, I’ll take my chances!

Works Cited
Fiero, G. K. (2011). The Humanistic Tradition (Sixth ed., Vol. 1). New York, NY:

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