Hagia Sophia vs Dome of the Rock Essay
They serve as a bridge between the real world and the divine world, and mirror religious views
of people and the major beliefs of the society. Hagia Sophia and the Dome of the Rock are two
of the greatest and the most important architectural monuments in the world. Even though two of
the most historical mosques, Hagia Sophia and the Dome of the Rock, are built for different
religions, but due to a sharing purpose, which being praying to God, the difference can barely be
noticed. By sharing a purpose, both structures act as a shrine for different religions to reach God.
Hagia Sophia is one of the greatest surviving examples of …show more content…
depicted in decorative art as Allah's work is matchless. Calligraphy is used to enhance the
interior of a building by providing quotations from the Qur'an. Islamic architecture focuses on
the beauty of the interior rather than exterior spaces. Use of impressive forms such as large
domes, towering minarets, and large courtyards are intended to convey power.” 3
2 Islam, M. Anwarul, and Zaid F. Al-Hamad. "The Dome of the Rock: Origin of Its Octagonal Plan." Palestine
Exploration Quarterly 139, no. 2 (2007): 109-28. Pg 9
3 Shamim Akhter, Faith and Philosophy of Islam (New Delhi: Kalpaz, 2009), 284.
Islamic beliefs require no images of human or animals to be placed in a mosque. Even
though Hagia Sophia was converted into a mosque at some point in history, the depictions of
people on mosaics still exist. On the contrary, the Dome of the Rock has decorated its interior
and exterior walls with geometric shapes and designs.
The main intent of Hagia Sophia was to be a church. Although it went through
tremendous transformation, there were still some parts of the architecture that weren’t
appropriate for a mosque. Mainly, the direction the building was built towards. All mosques are
built with a mihrab indenting out from the structure facing Mecca. Hagia Sophia was built facing
east, later and mihrab was built within facing the south-west towards Mecca.
Regardless of the differences