Essay On The Justian Code

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The Byzantine Empire was established in 324 BC by Constantine I the Great when he overthrew Maxentius as the king of Rome. Emperor Constantine I should not be just be recognized for founding the Byzantine Empire but also for promoting Christianity and was the first emperor to die a Christian. This emperor made it advantageous to be a Christian and therefor society found it to be more acceptable to practice. The emperor promoted and favored Christians in government jobs and he restored Christian property that had been lost during the prosecutions of Christians. Emperor Theodosius I held the Second Ecumenical Council of the Church in 381which fought Arianism, a religious doctrine that says Jesus Christ (son) was inferior to God. Their counter …show more content…
Then in 535, Belisarius took Rome from the Ostrogoth’s but Rome had frequent attacks from Germanic tribes. His armies had also conquered territories such as; almost all of Italy and parts of Spain, Justinian now rules almost as much territory as Rome had. In the Byzantine Empire the emperor ruled the church and the state which meant for the church, that the emperor appointed and dismissed bishops as he pleased. The empire has its own separate government, society was becoming ever more complex and communication with the western part of the empire was difficult. To resolve these problems Justinian assembled a panel of legal experts to legally help regulate society and they created a uniform code called the Justinian Code. The code consists of four parts; The Code, 5,000 Roman Laws that were considered useful, The Digest, summarized some of the greatest legal persons opinions on the laws, The Institutes, a textbook that told law students how to use the laws, and the Novellae (New Laws), presented legislative that was passed after 565. The codes had laws that regulated all aspects of a person’s life. However this code could not repair the damage done previously so, Constantinople’s crumbling city was being rebuilt during 500 BC by …show more content…
The Eastern Empire’s church was built on the works of early church fathers like Saint Basil, who wrote about how Christians and Monks should behave. Moreover, Saint John Chrysostom, Patriarch of Constantinople from 398-404 was also considered an early church father. In 730 Emperor Leo III banned icons because he believed that people should worship not the icon but the person in the icon in order to strengthen their faith. This was a controversial issue because the Pope of the West supported the use of icons. In the west the Pope even excommunicated an Emperor. Empress Theodora restored the use of icons in 843; 100 years after the initial controversy had started. The pope and the patriarch were at odds a considerable amount of time even to the point where they excommunicated each other over a dispute about a religious doctrine. This continual distance between the churches caused a split; the west empire was Roman Catholic and the east empire was Orthodox. The main differences between these churches during this time is that Roman Catholics’ service was in Latin, the Pope had authority over all bishops, the Pope claims authority over the emperor or king, priests may not marry and divorce is not permitted. While in the Orthodox Church their service was in the local language, the Patriarch and the bishops head the church as a group, the emperor

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