Groundwork For The Metaphysics Of Morals By Immanuel Kant Analysis

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In Immanuel Kant’s, “Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals”, the morality of action is questioned, defined, and explained. To do so, Kant brings up an example of several people, two of which either, “preserve their lives”, or, “act charitably” out of pure, “natural inclination” (Kant). The other two are performing the same actions, but, in stark contrast to the other two individuals, are acting because of a, “motive of duty”, or maxim (Kant). Kant explains that those who acted out of duty are only deserving of moral status for their actions, and those who acted out of impulse do not. After much deliberation, I have agreed with Kant’s perspective of what comprises a moral action. In support of my agreeing with Kant, I will provide his reasoning of statements regarding morality, as well a more detailed explanation of his aforementioned personality comparisons. Then, arguments that would oppose his …show more content…
In this situation, Kant states that a true good will would dictate an action that is made per the Categorical Imperative (Kant). So, it could be argued that the soldier who defied his military orders purely out of moral duty would be considered the only moral decision made. In contrast with this, the soldier whose decision was influenced by duty, but also by compassion could be the culprit of “inclination”, and may have not made such a choice abiding solely through the Categorical Imperative, but rather, a feeling of sympathy towards the victims in this scenario. However, since the soldiers’ choice still was driven by a sense of duty, and the maxim, then, as mentioned before, Kant believes that the added sympathy makes no difference, although the allegation of what really motivated the moral choices could be an

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