Greek Architecture in Egypt Essay

3978 Words Dec 20th, 2010 16 Pages
Characteristics of Greek Architecture:-

INTRODUCTION:-
Instead of covering nearly every bit of space with ornament, as the Egyptians did, the Greeks selected only the best places for it, and thus gave it its proper effect. The decorations, especially the sculptures, were one of the chief features of a Greek temple. Besides their temples the Greeks built many theaters which may be studied from their ruins, but of their dwelling-houses almost nothing remains to us.
The Greek style is noted for the repose, harmony, and proportion of its effect. These are terms we might use in speaking of a painting, but they relate to the composition of a building which is, in many respects, similar to the composition of a picture. In selecting his
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There were three different orders, named Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian.
Every order consists of two essential parts, a column and its entablature. The column is divided into three parts; base, shaft, and capital. The entablature or upper part of the building, which is supported by the column, consists of architrave, frieze, and cornice. The character of an order is displayed not only in its column, but in its ornaments, its general style, and its detail.

THE GREEK DORIC ORDER:-
The Doric order is the oldest and strongest as well as the most simple of the three Greek orders, combining with solidity and force, the most subtle and delicate refinement of outline.
The column of the Doric order has no base, that is, it rests directly on the stone platform, and is thicker at the bottom than at the top, swelling outward in a subtle curve called entasis. The Doric column was fluted. The fluted part is called the shaft and the top of the column is the capital. The capital of the Doric column is very plain.

THE GREEK IONIC ORDER:-
The Ionic order is named from the Ionic race, by which it is supposed to have been developed and perfected. The distinguishing characteristic of the column of this order is the volute, or spiral ornament of its capital. In the true Ionic, the volutes have the same form on the front and rear of the column, and are connected on the flanks by an

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