Essay on Genetically Modified Organism ( Gmo )

1502 Words Aug 4th, 2014 7 Pages
Introduction
A genetically modified organism (GMO) is what results from a laboratory process where DNA genes of one source are extracted and artificially forced into the DNA of an unrelated source. The genes that are forced into the receiving source can be extracted from bacteria, viruses, insects, animals, or humans. The process is typically referred to as Genetic Engineering (GE) or Genetic Modification (GM); however, despite the different process names, they are the same (Smith J. , What is GMO, n.d.). Genetic Engineering began in 1996 and the most commonly genetically modified crops include soy, corn, cotton, and canola plants (Smith J. , Genetically Engineered Soybeans May Cuse Allergies, 2010).
The simplified human-maintained ecosystems of today caused the removal of the natural forces that historically kept diseases and pests in check (Mackenzie, 2011). Genetic engineering was intended to introduce traits for herbicide resistance and the expression of a bacterial-derived insect toxin. Additional benefits included influencing more desirable growth rates and a substantial increase in crop yields (Prakash, n.d.). The majority of genetically modified products are used to feed animals and as a source of fuel; however, it is estimated that 70% of processed food sold in the United States contains genetically modified plants. More than 10% of global crop land is occupied by genetically modified crops - approximately 82% of cotton, 75% of soybeans, 32% of corn, and 26% of…

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