General Theory And Hirschis's Social Bond Theory

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What is a social theory? Social theories are essential building blocks of evidence used to study and interpret social phenomena. Sociological theories are the core and underlying strength of the discipline. The term social theory is coined by the idea about how society changes and develops rapidly making it difficult for those who live in the past to catch up to a new way of thinking. According to Charles Lemart “there are methods of explaining social behavior an extensive list that molded the world for centuries. Social theories provides general theories to explain the actions and behavior of society as a whole and self, incorporating sociological, political, and philosophical ideas” (Pg 23) that we use with everyday situation. Social theory …show more content…
This theory is elements of social bonding include attachment to families, significant others, and peers; commitment to social norms and institutions from school to employment; involvement in activities, and the belief that these things are important can be applied in copious amount of ways when trying to address and solve social problems. Hirschi hinted on page 77 that if this theory wasn’t around it would be a lot of adolescents with delinquent behavior.

This theory is rooted and derived from the General Theory of Crime. There’s a major difference between General Theory and Hirschis’ Social Bond theory and that would be that Hirschis’ theory is thoroughly based on peers and peer groups of individuals. The four basic elements of social bond theory are attachment referring to a person 's sensitivity to and interest looking for the acceptance of social norms and social conscience. The next element is commitment, meaning you involves time, energy, and effort into everything and will try to do anything to not jeopardize what you worked for. The third element is involvement, involvement leaves you to do many things leaving little to no time for an opportunity for crime to be presented to you. Lastly, the fourth element is belief that is a common value system within an individual’s society or subgroup. (Siegal PG 161). To enumerate what I said earlier
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For example one spectacular program called Big Brother & Big Sister organization helps children so they don’t get lured into deviant acts. On the big brother and sister website they stated some facts that connect to the elements of the social bond theory. Researchers found that after 18 months of spending time with their Bigs, the Little Brothers and Little Sisters, compared to those children not in our program, were 46% less likely to begin using illegal drugs, 27% less likely to begin using alcohol, 52% less likely to skip school, 37% less likely to skip a class, and 33% less likely to hit someone. They also found that the Littles were more confident of their performance in schoolwork and getting along better with their families. As a result these programs help because they lead children onto the right

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