Gender Issues Of Human Trafficking

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Human trafficking is a term that many people misconstrue. Research studies show that human trafficking is a growing international concern. A debate that many have is whether women are being ignored in this issue. Human trafficking is a major problem that women face. It happens more often where women are trafficked more times than men. This paper will talk about the gender issues of human trafficking and how people misconstrue what human trafficking really is, forms of it, and efforts to try to stop it. According to Cross (2013), “Human trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary …show more content…
There are five forms of human trafficking. These forms include: forced labor, sexual slavery trafficking, bonded labor, migrant workers’ debt bondage, and forced child labor. Forced labor is a main form of human trafficking. According to Pinghua (2014), “In this form, workers become exploited to ruthless employers as a result of ‘high rates of unemployment, poverty, crime, discrimination, corruption, and political conflict.’” (p. 96). Women who are victims of forced labor are often suffering from sexual exploitation. Sexual slavery trafficking mainly targets women and girls and they force them into prostitution so the trafficker can profit off of them. Traffickers often recruit younger girls because they are more vulnerable and are at a less of a risk of Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Bonded labor is where the trafficker seeks people to work for them for debt redemption. Migrant workers’ debt bondage is where, according to Pinghua (2014), “Migrant workers are asked to pay illegal fees and debts, which are supported by the destination country, and by employers, which may result in debt bondage.” Forced child labor “refers to the sale and trafficking of trapped children into debt bondage, or forced labor…” These children receive very low pay for the hard work they do, are not allowed to leave once they get there until the end of the work day, and enjoy no freedom because of …show more content…
In a book called Half the Sky, it tells the stories of the many women and young girls that were forced into sex labor to have their bodies on the market for the trafficker to profit off of. The stories are very hard to read because it gives great detail on the hardships these women and girls had to go through. If they weren’t willing to have sex with the costumers they were beaten and even drugged until they gave in. Men and boys also do get put into this category of labor but they are given different jobs such as beating the women/girls, cleaning, kitchen work, etc. Sex trafficking violates the human rights of these men, women, boys, and girls. Feminists argue that human trafficking against women in the form of sex trafficking is very harmful to their bodies, and their general wellbeing. They find an issue with victims’ protection when it comes to sex trafficking. On the other side of this debate, according to Duong (2014), “The others, who support prostitution as a legitimate work, want to compromise with the legalization of prostitution as a way to reduce sex trafficking.” (p. ) People in charge of sex trafficking institutions are very experienced with the industry and they know just how to hide it. Also, many victims of human trafficking do not seek help because they don’t want to be seen as less pure or weak. They often try to hide the fact that the horrible things actually did happen to

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