Galileo Galilei: The Start Of The Scientific Revolution

Thesis: Galileo's works mainly contributed to the new perspective of the universe and his work and ideas contributed to humanity. These new perspectives and ideas all started with Copernicus and many other revolutionists expanded on his ideas and theories.

First paragraph: The start of the scientific revolution began with Nicolaus Copernicus. Copernicus created chaos with his books and theories. He believed in the heliocentric view of the universe, which was that the earth revolves around the sun and the sun was the center of the universe. Other theories of Copernicus' was that the universe was enormous and stars do not move, it appears that they are moving because of the earths rotation. His theories challenged the geocentric theory, which
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Galileo created huge changes in the seventeenth century. Firstly, Galileo created the law of inertia, which was that when an object is in motion, it keeps on motion until it is stopped by a force. Galileo's most prized invention was the advancement of the telescope. The advancement of the telescope confirmed Copernicus' theory on the heliocentric view of the universe. Through the use of his telescope, he was also able to look at the moon, observe a supernova, verify the phases of Venus, discover sunspots, and discovered that the moons and the planets were not perfectly round. The new discoveries became controversial, especially when Galileo proved the heliocentric theory. In 1616, the Catholic Church announced that Copernicus' theory of the universe was heretical. When Galileo published his controversial book, Dialogue on Two World Systems, it was widely read and he disregarded traditional views of Aristotle and the Church, but it supported Copernicus theories in the book. Galileo was tried for heresy by the papal Inquisition due to the book. In the end, he recanted his theories and ideas and was put under house arrest. Galileo made many advancements and achievements in science. The last main revolutionist during the scientific revolution was Sir Isaac Newton. Newton, as well as Galileo, made many achievements and advancements during the scientific revolution,

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