Different Theories Of Dreams Research: Freud Vs. Jung

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Different Theories of Dreams Research
Freud and Jung both had a common agreement that there was a relationship between the conscious and unconscious. (Sheedy, 2011) However their partnership only lasted three years due to an undeniable difference in their beliefs of where dreams originate. On one hand, Freud thought dreams were urges that are suppressed. (Solms, 2000) On the other hand, Jung argued that dreams were an attempt to prompt undeveloped parts of the psyche, especially archetypes. (Domhoff, 2008) The differences between them continued. Freud emphasized childhood and psychosexual development while Jung placed an importance on adulthood and a self-archetype. Then their opinions of the unconscious also differed. Freud said that the scope
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the underlying wish)”. (McLeod, 2013) He found that daily events are usually the ground work for the manifest content of a dream. Dream work is the process by which the ultimate wish is converted into the manifest content of a dream. (McLeod, 2013) If a dream did not endure the process of dream work then humans would not sleep peacefully because the wish would feel threatening. The transformation from the actual wish to the manifest content is “the process of displacement, condensation, and secondary elaboration”. (McLeod, 2013) Displacement is when the object that is concerning us or causing anxiety is transformed to something different that is unrecognizable. Condensation happens when two or more ideas or images merge to one. Secondary elaboration is the unconscious mind putting together the wishes images into an order of events that may be logical which is why the manifest content of dreams can be believable. (McLeod, 2013) This led Freud to write The Interpretation of Dreams in 1899. The id, ego, and superego tie in because when the mind is awake, wishes that are not socially acceptable will be suppressed but in dreams there is not a societal expectation therefore the id, ego, and superego are weak and wishes can be fulfilled. There has been one, recent, scientific study completed that supports Freud’s theory of dreams. Daniel M. Wegner, a Professor of Psychology at Harvard, Megan N. Kozak, a fourth-year graduate student at Harvard, and Richard M. Wenzlaff of the University of Texas at San Antonio were intrigued by Freud’s theory that dreams were suppressed wishes of the conscious psyche. (lee, 2004) Wegner, Kozak, and Wenzlaff studied the relation between the content of dreams and people’s daily lives. (Lee,

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