Fracking Is A Process Of Extracting Natural Gas From Bedrock Deep Within The Earth

1214 Words May 4th, 2016 5 Pages
Hydraulic fracturing, or more commonly known as fracking, is a process of extracting natural gas from bedrock deep within the earth. There may be some downfalls, such as contaminated drinking water and earthquakes, but most of them are human errors and in the end the benefits of fracking outweigh the risks. If done professionally, fracking, or hydraulic fracturing, is beneficial to society because it provides towns, states, and countries with the natural gas they need, and reduces costs by using old oil and gas wells. Fracking is the process of extracting natural gas from in between layers of bedrock below the surface of the earth. The process involves sending large amounts of water and sand, along with small amounts of toxic chemicals at a high pressure into the bedrock (“Fracking in the United States”). The percent of water and sand in the mixture is about ninety eight to ninety nine percent; the other one to two percent of the mixture is made of toxic chemical additives ("Hydraulic Fracturing"). The companies drill straight down anywhere from six thousand to ten thousand feet, then drill horizontally for over a mile ("Hydraulic Fracturing"). In order to drill into the earth almost two miles the well has intermediate castings that are inserted into the well to depths of one thousand and four thousand feet ("Hydraulic Fracturing"). The depth is the same height of about seven empire state buildings. The space between the castings and the drilled hole is filled with cement,…

Related Documents