Essay on Food Security And Its Effects On The Environment

1615 Words Oct 5th, 2016 7 Pages
Food security in a society is influenced by economic resources, political stability, water resources, climate change, land availability, population, and agricultural education. These factors constitute a fragile equilibrium in which any instability could cause a population to lose their reliable source of food, leading to malnutrition and hunger (Premanandh). In areas where there is drought, lack of arable land, political unrest, overpopulation, and large impacts of climate change, technologies are being developed in order to try to address food insecurity. One technology that has been developed in order to produce sustainable agriculture is aquaponics. Aquaponics is the integration of hydroponics and aquaculture to create a system in which plants and fish are grown together sustainably. Simply explained, the waste produced by the fish becomes the fertilizer for the plants being grown, and then the plants absorb the nutrients in the water to filter/purify it in order for it to be reused as the water the fish live in. Aquaponics plays a role in positively influencing food security by being a mechanism that reduces water use in agriculture, provides natural fertilizer, and eliminates agricultural waste. Albeit only on a small scale, aquaponics can address issues of drought, non-arable land, and malnutrition in areas as local as Los Angeles and global as Egypt through its incorporation of a soilless growing medium, source of protein from fish, and conservation and reuse of…

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