Figurative Language In Sonnet 18

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Sonnet 18, written by William Shakespeare, is the most popular amongst his other 154 sonnets. The sonnet starts off by praising a beloved’s beauty and, as we slowly progress through the rest of the sonnet, transform this beloved’s beauty into something almost immortal. It is as if Shakespeare is describing his beloved as a perfect being. In Sonnet 18’s octave, he starts off with a question and a quick statement of his beloved “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate:”(1-2). In contrast to his beloved in being mild/constant and beautiful, he continues in his octave to describe summer as season with that brings unpleasant extremes of windiness and heat. But near the end in his sestets, Sonnet 18 takes a …show more content…
Shakespeare uses personification in lines three and four when he states, “Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer’s lease hath all too short a date:”(3-4). In these two lines, winds are able to “shake” things and buds are described as “darlings”. Both words are usually applied to human characteristics. What he is saying is that the strong summer winds is a threat to the new flower buds that popped up in May, and summer won’t last very long and that it is fated to end. The word “lease”, used to describes the short summer, is the same word meaning a contract by which one party conveys land, property, services, etc., to another for a specified time. This means that whether is a metaphor to a rentable property. Shakespeare also uses personification in lines five and six when he writes, “Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimm’d;”(5-6). These lines are saying that sometimes the sun is too hot, and other times you can’t even see it at all, hidden by clouds. He calls the sun the "eye of heaven" and refers to it using the word "his". Shakespeare gives the sun a "complexion", which usually refers to the skin one’s face. He uses these personifications to create an image the audience is able to paint themselves and grasps the meaning of

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