The Failure Of The Weimar Republic

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Some historians argue that the Weimar Republic was doomed from the start. The republic was weak to begin with, having little to no support and multiple flaws in the constitution. The Weimar Republic—a German democracy created by force by the Allies after Germany’s loss in World War 1—was already having issues, however the economic crisis in 1929-1933 significantly impacted on its downfall. Along with the initial establishment of the republic in 1919 and its weaknesses, there were political and economic challenges faced in the early 20’s, and the onslaught of the Great Depression and the rising force of the Nazi’s just increased its chances at failure.

The Weimar Republic was forcefully established in 1919 by the Allies after Germany’s defeat
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The Golden Era was a time of growing consumerism and creative expression in art, music, literature, architecture and film. But Germany was living off borrowed money, and was using short-term loans to fun long-term projects. So in 1929 when the Wall Street Stock Exchange crashed along with Americas economy, they told Germany they had 90 days to pay back the money that they had leant them. Germany couldn’t afford to pay the loans and struggled to adjust to the change, causing them to fall into an economic depression. Unemployment rose, and by 1932 6 million people were employed, 30% of the workforce being out of jobs. This then caused the hatred of the Weimar Republic to increase, people blaming the government for not being able to help them or get them back on track. Welfare cuts and tax increases were brought out in an attempt to re-establish the economy, but instead of its intended fixture, the people of Germany retaliated with a vote of no confidence for the current government, and the Reichstag collapsed. This happened multiple times, with 3 different governments collapsing in the span of 3 years. The Great Depression and the downfall of the government’s small amount of political stability caused the collapse of the Weimar Republic, and gave way for the Nazi Party to rise, and for Hitler to become Chancellor of Germany.

The Weimar Republic was weak from the beginning, and over time the weaknesses became evident, causing the collapse of the democracy. The economical crisis that the Great Depression triggered caused the fundamental weaknesses that were present in the Republic to be revealed, and the political and economical stability that Germany had attempted to hold onto to

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