Failures Of The Weimar Republic Essay

1174 Words 5 Pages
Some historians argue that the Weimar Republic was doomed from the start. The republic was weak to begin with, having little to no support and multiple flaws in the constitution. The Weimar Republic—a German democracy created by force by the Allies after Germany’s loss in World War 1—was already having issues, however the economic crisis in 1929-1933 significantly impacted on its downfall. Along with the initial establishment of the republic in 1919 and its weaknesses, there were political and economic challenges faced in the early 20’s, and the onslaught of the Great Depression and the rising force of the Nazi’s just increased its chances at failure.

The Weimar Republic was forcefully established in 1919 by the Allies after Germany’s defeat
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The elections were held on the 19th of January 1919, and were won predominantly by the Social Democrats with 165 seats. Along with the addition of a new government system, a new constitution was drawn up as well. The constitution brought forward positive changes that the old government—an absolute monarchy—didn’t have, such as more rights, everyone was equal before the law, the right to form trade unions, and freedom of speech. But the constitution was still weak due to proportional representation of the various political parties, and the extreme amount of power to the president. Proportional representation caused a large array of political parties, all with different views, to be allowed to have a say in the decisions of the parliament. This caused constant conflict on views and ideas towards certain laws and regulations, and in consequence, there were many changes of government, which led to political instability. In addition to conflict within the parliament, there was also a great deal of power to the president, with Article 48 stating that if a …show more content…
Many people felt betrayed, causing the stab in the back to spread across Germany. It was believed that the Germany army hadn’t been beaten or failed, but betrayed, and this belief was accepted widely by the right-wing conservatives and the army. This then led to the Kapp Putsch, the right-wings attempt at overthrowing the government, as they didn’t agree with the republic, which was associated with the militaries defeat. General Lüttwiz demanded that Germany should abandon the policy of troop reduction, a request that Germany had to conform to as to follow the Treaty of Versailles, fire the head of the Reichswehr, General Reinhardt, and appoint a non-party government. The government refused to do this, so Ehrhardt’s Free Corps unit marched on Berlin. The local army commanders refused to move against the Putsch and preferred to follow General von Seeckt, the army’s chief of staff. Seeckt sympathised with the rebels and ordered the army to not intervene and help the government, and the government were forced to leave Berline. But the government asked the workers to support the government, and after a general strike, the National Association government headed up Kapp collapsed. These acts of defiance and betrayal towards the new government caused exposure to the young governments weaknesses, and also revealed the growing power of the

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