Essay Extrinsic Motivation And Intrinsic Motivation

1911 Words Sep 27th, 2016 8 Pages
learning theory which state that there are innate psychological needs which drive our actions (Hull 1943). Research says that we engage in intrinsically motivated activities because we want to not because of reward or avoiding punishment (Ryan & Deci 2000). Intrinsic motivation, associated with overall psychological health and functioning. It stems from the fulfilment of the three basic psychological needs in SDT (Ryan & Deci 2000). Research shows the existence of rewards for performing a behaviour can undermine intrinsic motivation, because rewards reduce an individual autonomy, e.g., getting paid to do something means you are working for the reward, not out of volition.

1.9 Extrinsic motivation
The second type of motivation addressed is extrinsic motivation. Stems from positive or negative external possibilities (Chu & Choi 2005). Initially seen as the polar opposite of intrinsic motivation (Deci & Ryan 1975) and now recognised as varied types of motivation (Ryan & Deci 2000). Defined as the act of completing an activity based on attaining different outcomes (Ryan & Deci 2000). Extrinsic motivation focuses on environmental incentives and consequences such as high academic grades, beating a deadline or impressing peers. As children we are extrinsically motivated, extrinsic motivation is engaging in acts that driven by external forces and goal towards the directed activity (Gagné, & Deci, 2005, Senécal, Koestner & Vallerand 1995). Researchers discuss three types of…

Related Documents