European Imperialism in Africa As a whole, Africa was ruined by the Europeans’ greed during the early 1900’s. The European countries were very strong nationalists and they came together and decided to show their superiority by imperializing other continents and countries rather than fight with each other. They chose Africa as the best place to imperialize because of its natural resources and availability. This is what introduced the Berlin Conference. At this meeting, representatives from Great Britain, France, and other strong European players divided up Africa. There was a total disregard of the native people and each country just took what they wanted. The Africans had to work long days with little pay. European imperialism caused the
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Even when there was none left of a certain resource, they were told to keep working and called awful names. In a famous poem called The White Man’s Burden by Rudyard Kipling, the author uses phrases that were used to describe the African people. The white men called Africans part devil, ignorant and bad-tempered (Document 5). This was cruel on the Europeans behalf so they did things to make themselves feel and look better to outsiders.
To justify their horrible behavior, the Europeans tried to cover it up with education and industrialization. They introduced such things as the plow and European clothes. Europeans also arranged for education which helped out the future generation of Africans. In Kumalo’s memoir, he mentions his gratitude towards the Europeans for help in in some aspects, “Well, the white men have brought some good things. For a start, they brought us European implements – plows; we can buy European clothes, which are an advance. The Government has arranged for education and through that, when our children grow up, they may rise in status,” (Document 1). But all of these kind things do not pay for the suffering they put the African people through. Many people in Europe realized this. In a cartoon from an 1800’s British newspaper, an Englishman’s head is placed onto a creature with twelve arms (Document 3). Each of his arms is on different continents and this shows how Great Britain was portrayed during imperialism. Europe was hurt by bad