Euripides, Alcestis, Hippolytus And Iphigena In Tauris

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Euripides was one of greatest playwrights and poets of classical Greece. He was the 3rd and the last of Athenian tragedians after Aeschylus and Sophocles. Due to a quaint accident of history, eighteen of his 95 plays have survived in a complete form, along with some substantial fragments of many of his other plays. He is primarily famous for having adapted the formal structure of traditional Greek tragedy by portrayal of strong female characters and smart slaves, and by satirizing many heroes of Greek mythology. He is deemed to be the most socially critical of all the ancient Greek tragedians, and his plays are considered quite ahead of his times in comparison with those of his contemporaries. In the following assignment, three of his infamous plays have been taken up- Alcestis, Hippolytus and Iphigena in Tauris. All three are starkly different from each other in terms of their plotline and expression but there are a few identifiable similarities too. The presence of strong female characters and use of supernatural intervention at the time of hopelessness are common themes in all.
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Euripides was raised in a cultured family, witnessed the rebuilding of the Athens after the Persian Wars and also the period of the Peloponnesian War (431–404 B.C.E). He probably belonged to a rich and influential family, and in his youth was employed as a cup-bearer for Apollo’s dancers. But later due to his exposure to scholars like as Protagoras, Socrates and Anaxagoras, he went on to question the very religion he grew up with. He was married twice, to Choerile and Melito, and had three sons and a daughter. There is hardly any record of Euripides' public life. Although, it is likely that he would have been involved in numerous public or political activities during his

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