Ethical Issues In Capital Punishment

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Capital punishment brings up many ethical issues. Capital punishment is seen in mainly two ways, a cure for society and an illness to society. Influential people such as Martin Luther King and Ghandi said that capital punishment adds to the negative idea that killing is a reasonable solution to crimes, while others such as Presidents Ronald Reagan and Abraham Lincoln believe that it sets an example to criminals to avoid at least major crimes that would warrant the death penalty. Capital punishment wasn 't always seen this way, because people were desensitized to things such as punishment by death, but things have changed now that the human life is much more romanticised. However, each country has a different stance on capital punishment.
History
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the methods stayed the same. Death sentences were originally carried out by such means as crucifixion, drowning, beating to death, burning alive, stoning and impalement though these times. Moving into Tenth Century A.D, Britain’s main method of execution was hanging, but only in times of war, any other time execution was off limits no matter the severity of the crime. Then as we proceeded into the Sixteenth Century, with Britain being lead by King Henry VIII there were an estimated 72,000 counts of execution by means of mainly hanging, but this also includes boiling, burning at the stake, beheading, and drawing and quartering. A majority of these executions were invoked by capital offenses of the time such as treason, murder or other offenses deemed as unacceptable at the time. By the 17th century, there was a obscene amount of 222 crimes punishable by death in Britain, which included mainly petty crimes. The death penalty was eliminated for over 100 of the 222 crimes punishable by death because of the British reforms which were put in place in order to avoid the immigration of colonists to the newly born United States of …show more content…
These abolitionists had the huge effect on Capital punishment in America during the late 1700s. In 1767, Italian Criminologist Cesare Beccaria 's wrote his famous essay , On Crimes and Punishment, which had a profound effect on American abolitionist. Beccaria’s opinion that there was no justification in taking one 's life no matter the circumstance, lead to a surge of abolitionists. His works influenced Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Jefferson, Benjamin Rush and William Bradford. These four fought to have a bill pass to make the Death Penalty only acceptable in cases of treason and murder, but the bill was defeated. When Bradford became Attorney General he made it so that in Georgia, Capital Punishment only occurred in the case of first degree murder which would have a domino effect following it in the other states. By 1776 every colony had similar laws regarding Capital punishment. In the 1800s, this lead to the increase of penitentiaries throughout the states, then this lead to the abolishment of the death penalty in multiple other states. Coincidentally though, many other states increased the amount of capital offenses, making the much more petty crimes reasons to be put to

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