Roles Of Immigration

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IMMIGRATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH
The Role of Immigration to the Positive Economic Growth of the United States.

This paper examines the role of the immigrant workers to the growth of the American economy, immigrant workers face many challenges in U.S with the current immigration policies, while current policies tend to do a poor job on these count, coming up with a structure that would make immigration good for America is very possible.
Many employers are shy to employ foreign workers due to immigration laws limitations, however a variety of visa options are accessible to both the potential employer and the foreign national worker. They include H-1B visa for individuals working in specialty occupations: The H-1B visa is available
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and the rest of the world that barring means-tested welfare and entitlement programs to noncitizens and allowing more lawful immigration would be a tremendously beneficial shift in policy." (As cited by Nowrasteh Alex and Cole Sophie in Open the Gates). Economists commonly believe that immigration enhances the size of the economy and improves productivity. Historically, immigration has been net positive for the Federal budget. Critics of immigration mostly are concerned that immigrants will consume public benefits. The effect of reforms on immigration welfare and the fiscal shape are valid concerns. Every net dollar spent on welfare worsens the financial conditions of the Federal government, creates labor market rigidities and sustain enfeebling dependency. Normally, immigrants earning a low income have lower welfare use rates than low income earning American born natives and they tend to get smaller benefits. In addition immigrants pay more into Medicare Part A than the benefits they currently receive compared to native born Americans. Moreover Americans believe that undocumented foreigner use government’s services, meanwhile it’s proven that because of being illegal they can’t get any welfare services. President Obama, during address to the nation on immigration said “For more than 200 years, our tradition of welcoming immigrants from around the world has given us a tremendous advantage over …show more content…
American anti-immigrant groups have long dreaded the likelihood that immigrants drive native-born workers out of jobs. Nevertheless, this happens only in the insignificant proportion of occupations where native-born and immigrant skill sets overlap. One method to growing legal immigration in a growth-oriented way, suggested by economists Pia Orrenius and Madeline Zavodny, is to auction permits to employers with demand-based minimum prices. This would raise public revenues while making a market for permits and assuring that immigrants would arrive with employment. These policy innovations would need, as well, resolution of the position of the probable about 11 million "illegal immigrants" now living and working in the U.S. The Brookings Duke Institute Roundtable has recommended that an answer to the issue of illegal foreign immigrants would start with the establishment of a workplace verification system, confirmed to be effective, which permits employers to know promptly whether a potential employee has the right to work in the United States. This would be followed by a progression of steps to legalization including payment of back taxes, a mandatory fine, employment and background checks, and a citizenship-type test for those wanting to remain in America. Provisional visas and a path to enduring residency and citizenship could be given for immigrants without criminal records, provided all requirements are completed.

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