People who have a diagnosis of type 1 diabetes will need constant insulin treatment. Insulin must be given to patients through injections or an insulin pump.
•Injections: a thin needle and syringe or an insulin pen can be used to inject insulin under the skin. A mixture of insulin types are usually used throughout the day and night. The most effective way to improve blood sugar levels in patients had been shown to be multiple daily injections (3 or more) that include a combination of long-acting insulin, such as Lantus or Levemir combined with rapid-acting insulin, such as Apidra, Humolog or Novolog. This is the most effective as it closely mimics the body 's normal use of insulin.
•Insulin pump: …show more content…
This amount is too low to deliver enough energy for the body’s activities. The condition Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) can occur if glucose levels in the body are consistently high. This can happen when a severe lack of insulin means the body of the patient cannot use glucose for energy, and therefore the body starts to break down other body tissue as an alternative energy source. Ketones are the by-product of this process. Ketones are poisonous chemicals to the body which can build up and cause the body to become acidic, 'acidosis '. This condition often occurs in type 1 diabetes patients but can develop in anyone who depends on insulin treatment.
Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic State (HHS) often occurs in people with type 2 diabetes who have very high blood glucose levels (over 40mmol/l). It can develop through a mixture of illness such as infection and dehydration. Another cause of HHS can be if a patient stops taking diabetes medication during an illness for example because they are finding it difficult to swallow or feel nauseous, however even if medication was contented to be taken blood glucose will often still rise due to the effect of other hormones the body produces during