Essay On Insulin

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Taking insulin (via injections or a pump)
People who have a diagnosis of type 1 diabetes will need constant insulin treatment. Insulin must be given to patients through injections or an insulin pump.
•Injections: a thin needle and syringe or an insulin pen can be used to inject insulin under the skin. A mixture of insulin types are usually used throughout the day and night. The most effective way to improve blood sugar levels in patients had been shown to be multiple daily injections (3 or more) that include a combination of long-acting insulin, such as Lantus or Levemir combined with rapid-acting insulin, such as Apidra, Humolog or Novolog. This is the most effective as it closely mimics the body 's normal use of insulin.

•Insulin pump:
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The pump will then give them a "bolus" dose of insulin to cover their meal and correct their blood sugar if it 's raised.

Diabetes medication
As well as insulin taking other medications can be taken alongside to improve blood sugar levels in the patient’s body including:
•Pramlintide -This can be injected before the patient eats as it can slow the movement of food through their stomach to reduce the severe increase in blood sugar that follows after a meal. Healthy eating
It is important for type 2 diabetes patients to eat healthily and centre their diet on high-fibre and low-fat foods such
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However some may also need diabetes medications or insulin therapy if they have severe type 2 diabetes.

•Metformin - Metformin is often the first medication prescribed to type 2 diabetes patients. The way that it works is by heightening the sensitivity of the patients’ body tissues to insulin so that their body uses insulin more effectively.
Metformin also lowers glucose production from glycogen in the liver. However metformin may not lower blood sugar enough on its own so doctors will often also recommend lifestyle changes, such as losing weight and being more active.
Diabetes complications
Individuals who are living with diabetes of both type 1 and 2 may have to deal with short-term and long-term complications as a result of their condition.
 Short-term complications - Hypoglycaemia Diabetic Detoacidosis (DKA), and Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic State

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