Environmental Impacts Of Genetically Modified ( Gm ) Crop Use

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Annotated Bibliography
Brookes, Graham, and Peter Barfoot. “Environmental impacts of genetically modified (GM) crop use 1996-2013.” Impacts on pesticide use and carbon emissions 6: (2015)103-133. Print.
This academic journal article focuses on the environmental impacts of GM crops. Environmental studies on greenhouse gases, insecticide usage, and pesticide usage are supported in this article with scientific data. This study shows that a reduction in greenhouse gases can be seen in two key areas. One area addressed is fuel consumption needed to plough fields, apply pesticides and spraying insecticides. The data shows a decrease in emissions equivalent to taking over 11 million cars off of the road for 1 year. The second key area addressed is in the ploughing of the fields, not in the fuel consumption, but in the release of carbon from the turning of the dirt. With the utilization of GM seeds, weed control methods such as ploughing are no longer implemented. GM seeds can result in reduced emissions globally, which will be a supporting matter in for GM crops that I will facilitate into my research paper.
Hoffman, Eric. “Gene Watch”. Food, Made From Scratch 26.1 Jan/March 2013 13-15. Print This article discusses GM technology and the birth of SMO’s or synthetically modified organisms. Summarized in the article are the questions of, should we pursue GM technology or revert back to “What we know works”? Subjects addressed in the paper are super weeds, organic…

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