energy drink Essay

2983 Words Jan 3rd, 2014 12 Pages
The Real Science behind Energy Drinks

1. When we say that something gives us "energy”, what does that mean? What is a biological definition of energy?
When we say that something gives us “energy” it means we can get sugars or carbohydrates and lipids from that. Humans need to eat carbohydrates and lipids to provide fuel for our body’s metabolism. Human body must have these chemicals in order to function and different food sources provide different types of energy. The biological definition of energy is the element that is stored by cells in biomolecules (carbohydrates and lipids). The energy is released when there molecules are oxidized during cellular respiration and transported by an energy carrier called ATP
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What it does: Vitamin B12 is required for proper red blood cell formation, neurological function, and DNA synthesis [15].

Natural flavors
What it is: Natural flavor is the natural sensory impression of a food or other substance. It is determined mainly by the chemical senses of taste and smell.
What it does: It gives each substance a unique taste [16].

Artificial flavors
What it is: Artificial flavors are simply chemical mixtures that mimic a natural flavor in some way.
What it does: It gives a food some unnaturally occurred taste. Some artificial flavoring is known to cause genetic defects, tumors, bladder cancer, and many other types of cancers [17].

Natural colors
What it is: The natural colors of a food or a substance.
What it does: we can see the color when light reflects on a food or a substance.

Artificial colors
What it is: Food coloring, or color additive, is any dye, pigment or substance that imparts color when it is added to food or drink. They come in many forms consisting of liquids, powders, gels and pastes.
What it does: They give a food or a substance some unnaturally occurred colors [18].

3. Name the ingredients that provide energy. Briefly explain (1-2 sentences) how each molecule provides that energy (hint: reflect on the various stages of cellular respiration).

Glucose: Once the glucose has entered the cell, the cell works to burn the

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