Effects Of Imperialism In African Industry

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European Imperialism and Africa During the Age of Industry
The Background of the New Imperialism 1790-1880
Algeria and Cape Colony were controlled by the Europeans
Rivalry for new markets
Economic and military powers were shifting from europe others such as germany and America
Europe went into a state of depression from 1873-1896
The long depression in europe helped new imperialism in the westerners that were looking for raw materials and new markets
Profits were a lot higher than in their countries back home
Strategic issues
Britain was very interested in gaining control of Egypt to assure an easy route from east to west
Germany was very close to overthrowing the British
Portugal created an alliance with britain in order to protect
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It was a very hectic process when everyone was “scrambling” to stake their claim in a piece of land
The Berlin Conference was help in 1884 to come up with a policy to claim land
Effective occupation was decided to be the best way to claim land
By 1900 all of Africa was under European rule
Officers were given life or death authority over others
Reaction to European Domination
Africans did not easily give in to European power
Primary resistance is violent resistance of the societies against colonial rule
Secondary resistance occurs after primary resistance
Once a group of Africans were captured they had a choice to either submit and learn all the mannerisms of european life or to leave as far away as possible from pro
Changes in African Societies
European Presence had destroyed the traditional dividers as well as for commercial and cultural relations
African power/culture has been destroyed/severely altered because of European officials
Social hierarchy was altered
Whites exploited african labor because they created a “color line”
Undermining the old ways
Islamic faith was very prominent in the northern region of Africa
Poverty was common when traditional farming turned to cash crop
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It sounds like a diary entry. The author does not say much about the quality of islamic practices but does say that their chief qualities are devotion and piety. They are called “The Giver of Gifts” because they would raid nearby towns and use what they looted in a way that is told by the Koran.
Pg 496 The “goods” refer to slaves. Slaves were not thought about as people but rather an object to make money off of. The relationship between the two seems a little strained because the Portuguese did not do what they were supposed to with the slaves. Affonso did not have control over the situation because there was nothing he could do about the slaves after he had sold them. They have Portuguese names because they were in contact with the portuguese a lot.

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