Effects Of Birth Pregnancy On The Health Of The Mother And Fetus

1664 Words Apr 25th, 2015 7 Pages
From conception to birth, pregnancy can be an exciting, terrifying, and stressful time for the mother and family. During pregnancy, there are many decisions that the family has to make regarding their new family member that depend on the circumstances of the pregnancy. Among these decisions, is the choice of how to deliver: vaginal or cesarean? Within the world of vaginal delivery, then comes the controversial request that some patients choose to make known as the elective induction. According to the American Congress of Obstetrics and Gynecologists (ACOG), induction of labor can be defined as “. . . the use of pharmacologic and/or mechanical methods to initiate uterine contractions before spontaneous labor occurs in order to affect vaginal birth” (2014, p. 678). The pharmacological and mechanical methods that are frequently used to induce labor include manually rupturing membranes, administration of intravenous Pitocin, and use of cervical ripening agents such as Cervidil or Cytotec. Although there are some medical indications that warrant labor induction for the health of the mother and fetus, such as fetal post maturity, macrosomia, preeclampsia, placental abruption, and history of precipitous labor, the elective induction is solely performed due to maternal preference and poses the mother and fetus at high risk for complications.
A woman may choose to be induced for several reasons including convenience, desire to deliver due to discomfort of pregnancy,…

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