Eating Disorders : A Growing Public Health Concern Essays

835 Words Mar 29th, 2016 4 Pages
Eating disorders are a growing public health concern, it is estimated that eight million United States citizens are affected by an eating disorder. Twice as many women as men are affected by eating disorders (Dwyer, Olsen, & Oei, 2013). Other disorders including depression, or substance abuse, often accompany an eating disorder, which rarely occurs alone (Comer, 2013). Regardless of race, social economic status, gender, eating disorders affect all demographics. Eating disorders distort a person’s mental and physical state. A large percent of the time eating disorders are linked with psychological problems such as: depression, suicide, and substance abuse (Johnston, 2006). It is noted that anorexia nervosa has the largest death rate of all psychiatric disorders.
Anorexia is a psychological based eating disorder and it requires a person to restrict their calorie intake to avoid weight gain. According to Gordon (2007), “anorexia nervosa is associated with altered levels of neurotransmitters, or chemical messengers in the brain.” Serotonin is a brain chemical that regulates both mood and appetite in an individual’s body, Symptomology of anorexia nervosa is somewhat complex in nature. It is described as complex because psychologists and researchers have determined that it is not necessarily considered one event, but a combination of environment, personality, and biology. Chavez and Insel (2007) concluded that biological testing such as genetic testing, neuroimaging and DNA,…

Related Documents