Essay on Durkheim 's Theory Of Labour

1404 Words Nov 30th, 2016 6 Pages
Division of labour is assigning different tasks and jobs to various people, in effort to complete one big task more efficiently. Theorist Emile Durkheim argues that division of labour is beneficial to society. In his defence, he claims that division of labour is favourable in a society because it raises the skill of each worker, and creates a union between workers within the division. Durkheim also argues that division of labour helps create order within society. On the other hand, theorist Karl Marx heavily argues that division of labour is non beneficial to society because it creates differences within social classes and takes away from the unity of society. Contrary to Durkheim, Marx believes there would be conflict rather than cohesion The two theorists defend opposite ends of the argument, Durkheim arguing in favour of division of labour, and Marx arguing against division of labour. While the two theorists argue against each other, they both focus on how division of labour affects society on a personal level, and a structural level.

Emile Durkheim saw the division of labour as something that would help society to continue progressing. He argued that as a whole, society functions better through division of labour. Durkheim discusses his solidarity concept, which contains two forms of social solidarity, mechanical, and organic. Mechanical solidarity is when the members of a community all share similar tasks, generally in smaller societies, therefore sharing…

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