Drug Fentanyl : An Opiate Agonist Essays

864 Words Oct 11th, 2016 4 Pages
Fentanyl

According to Susan Robertson, the drug fentanyl which is an opiate agonist, has been around since the 1960s and created by Dr. Paul Jansen. "The use of fentanyl as a pain reliever and anesthetic was quickly adopted in the medical setting. In the 1960s, the agent was introduced as an intravenous anesthetic under the brand name Sublimaze"(S.Robertson)pg.1. In the 90s fentanyl was turned into a patch which breaks down into the blood stream through a period of 72 hours. Fentanyl affects the body by increasing the dopamine levels causing pain relief. The medical use of fentanyl is pain relief and pain management. Fentanyl can be high addictive and is considered a schedule two narcotic. Withdrawals from fentanyl are very painful and there is a high overdose rate which an into epidemic in the United states
How does it affect the body?
According to Kathleen Davis, "Fentanyl is a mu-opioid receptor agonist, meaning that it binds to the body 's opioid receptors, increasing dopamine levels in the central nervous system. An increase in dopamine produces a state of relaxation, relieves pain, decreases the perception of suffering and promotes a feeling of well-being euphoria." (Davis2016) pg1. Fentanyl is a fast acting pain reliever that acts as any other opiate would when in the blood stream, fentanyl controls breathing by balancing chemical activity in the brain stem. Fentanyl changes the activity in the limbic system which controls emotions and pleasure which produces…

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