Drug Courier Profile Essay

Improved Essays
When it comes to articulating facts for reasonable suspicious this can seem similar to profiling on the behavior and occasion. Drug courier profiles are created on the patterns and behaviors that drug couriers usually demonstrate, so then the can be used to identify other drug couriers. There are drug courier profiles and when it comes to the whether they can qualify as reasonable suspicion might depend on the court. Some court think that it can amount t reasonable suspicion id there are additional important facts added. This is still again an open ended issue, since not only is it controversial but the questions of whether a drug courier conformity can amount to reasonable suspicion was not really answered (Cloud 1985). Drug courier profiles are focused on behavior. The case Reid v. Georgia attempted to deal with courier drug profiles and whether it was enough to establish reasonable suspicion, eight justices said that the …show more content…
Ohio, reasonable suspicion, and the actions allowed on its basis are all interesting concepts that the court has their rationale for backing. Reasonable suspicion is more abstract because it doesn’t only take the police officers experience to prove suspicion. Some of the developments that allow officers to use reasonable suspicion are traffic sops and protective sweeps. Terry like stops based on reasonable suspicion have even created profiles such as, drug courier profiles where they try to focus on certain behaviors exhibited based on the behaviors and patterns from past drug couriers. The Courts attempt to give guidelines for what is permissible under reasonable suspicion, yet it looks like from cases like Reid, that they have avoided touching matters that may be to controversial or at least making it set and stone. Further, one can understand why the establishment of a drug courier profile conforming under reasonable suspicion could be an issue, since most of the time they have found it is based on

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Recall Huemer’s earlier argument: while drugs only possibly result in harm to others, there are several legal ways in which one can actually harm others; therefore, drugs should not be prohibited. This argument conflicts with another claim of Huemer’s. He concedes that it is the business of the state to prohibit driving under the influence of drugs. But, like drug use, driving under the influence only introduces the possibility of harm to others. At least in some cases, Huemer evidently believes that the government should regulate risky behavior, even if there may not be negative consequences.…

    • 704 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The use of offender profiling is used to prioritize certain suspects when investigating certain crimes with the use of specific characteristics and behaviours. This idea isn’t reliable with the indication of these results. If the profile is theoretically supposed to specific traits and behaviours to locate an individual, then the study shouldn’t have had no differences between the groups. The groups indicated that using the same profile the two different suspects were able to fit the profile…

    • 731 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    People at any age , sex or economic status can become addicted to a drug . However, certain factors can affect the likelihood and speed of developing an addiction such as personal , family , psychology, community and environment ( To be edited and paraphrase ) . Link drug and crime : In the absence of knowledge about such essential conditions for the relationship between drugs and crime. Bean criticises cosial scientists for using terminology that implies causal connections e.g talk of links with crime . ( Bean , 2000 cited in Fowler, 2002 ( paraphrase ) Many studies have shown a link between drug use and crime , many others have not .…

    • 1058 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    For example, if a user wants to measure the effectiveness of a law enforcement agency, these measurements are not available. As a substitute, a user might list UCR clearance rates, rank them by agency, and attempt to infer the effectiveness of individual law enforcement agencies. This inference is flawed because all the other measures of police effectiveness were ignored. The nature of the offenses that were cleared must be considered as those cleared may not have been the most serious, like murder or rape. The agency’s clearances may or may not result in conviction, the ultimate goal.…

    • 1291 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Conclusion The author assumes that the solution of police frisking will help to resolve the issue of gun violence in a better way compared to gun legislation. With the complete dismissal of gun control advocates and failure to highlight the consequences of police frisking, the argument made by the author is weak as well as ineffective. The frisking argument provided by the author tends to focus almost exclusively on its legality, but fails to provide an instance where similar policies have successfully been applied to resolve the issue at hand or to decrease the number of illegal guns that existed in a certain…

    • 888 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Lee Marshall, a distinguished researcher at the University of East Anglia, may have the answer to the constant contradicting reports on the effects of online piracy. Marshall argues that it is impossible to ascertain the effects of piracy because there are three main issues that are not accounted for. First, piracy is a blanket term covering a wide variety of activities. Some of these activities may result in a loss of revenue, while others do not. Still, many studies focus on only one category of piracy, and apply the findings to the blanket term, which results in misleading findings.…

    • 744 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Criminal profiling is not reliable in some cases because different psychologists may provide varied diagnosis on autopsies even when they are given similar information regarding the cause of death of an individual (Miller, 2011). In the event that they produce similar diagnosis, then their opinions would be considered reliable. However, research explains that the opinions of differing psychologists will always conflict, as they will all have varied conclusions on how the victim was killed. Therefore, it is evident that this technique is unreliable in producing consistent results. The other difficulty in criminal profiling is the ability to link the evidence at the crime scene to an accurate profile without guessing or making assumptions (Miller, 2011).…

    • 1127 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Pratt has gained his knowledge through comparisons of recent criminal policies versus research undertaken by criminologists. He highlights the ‘cost-benefit’ analysis that is widely used within rational choice theory when making policies relating to crime control. Pratt argues that this is very limiting when actually analysing criminal behaviour and that research undertaken by Criminologists to reduce crime is often disregarded as it does not fit in with policy-makers ‘cost-benefit’ analysis of a situation. He further argues that policy-makers, to gain political control, often use the language of rational choice theory – that people want to see politicians getting “tougher on crime”, however this does not align with research into the best methods of reducing criminal activity. Therefore, Pratt concludes that Rational Choice Theory is not an effective method of policymaking; rather it is used as a safety blanket for citizens to believe that crime rates are being reduced.…

    • 1144 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    While very limited research has been conducted into such arrests, the data released is contradictory at best (Frye, Haviland, and Rajah 2007). Research into preferred arrests states, mandatory arrest states, and those with no statute requiring an arrest response should be further investigated. This would give lawmakers the ability to make an informed policy decision. Law enforcement agencies should be actively engaged in this process thereby allowing informed decisions from officers directly involved in the arrest process. While deterrent effects have been determined through further research studies on misdemeanor offenses of spousal abuse, the research into felony repeat offenders show that arrest only intensifies the next attack against the victim.…

    • 1294 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    This means that petty crimes or investigations do not mandate the reading of the rights to counsel. This claim is supported by Chief Justices Gonthier, Cory and McLachlin in the case of R v. Evans as they state that “the police have a duty to advise the accused of his or her right to counsel a second time when new circumstances arise indicating that the accused is a suspect for the different, more serious crime than was the case at the time of the first warning”. In this case, multiple warnings were not issued, however, there was change in the investigation. Specifically, the police officers begun their investigation with the intention of determining who the inhabitants of the car were, as they did not match with the registered vehicle owner in the police database. Also, the police officers wanted to inquire and test out the validity of the anonymous tip they received from crime stoppers shortly before.…

    • 1629 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays