Discuss the Development of the Symphony from 1700 to 1824 Essay

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The antecedent years of the Classical Symphony moulded and defined the typical outline and structure that became established by the early 18th Century. By the 1720s in particular, the framework comprised of a dramatic, fast movement followed by a second slow, lyrical movement and ended with a fast dance-like third movement. It is known, between the years of 1720-1820, 16,558 symphonies had been written. By the beginning of the 19th Century, the symphony had generally maintained the same principle movements, although gained a fourth movement or finale as it is more aptly named. An introduction or a possible fifth movement may also have been added, such as Beethoven’s 6th Symphony. But how did it succumb to this? There are of course, many …show more content…
This will seem largely unconventional for the seemingly restrictive boundaries in place regarding tonality. This Sinfonia is bound to bare influence on the Symphonic movement that is to come.
As seen in Jacques Auberts’s Concerto de symphonies pour les violons, flutes et hautbois(1730-1737), it is shown that composers began to abolish the old fashioned ways, as the name of the dance had been associated with the tempo e.g.’Gavotte Grazioso’. Les élémens, symphonic nouvelle had been described by Jean Féry Rebel to have an “initial jarring dissonance” and is seen as a highly original piece. The indications, as well as other factors such as key, had begun to move on in breaking away from convention, detaching itself from such out dated baroque terminology.
With regards to instrumentation around the mid to late 18th century, the standard would involve strings, two horns or sometimes oboes added to the harpsichord until 1770 and after, the horns would be replaced by trumpets and the timpani. Flutes took the place of oboes, most often for a slow movement. Gradually, clarinets and bassoons would be introduced later contributing to the lineup of a full late classical orchestra. Towards the end of the 18th century, especially in Viennese work and around Bohemia, the instrumentation would almost always be grouped in pairs.
In the late 1740s, the French symphonies had begun to emerge quite triumphant. François

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