Different Philosophical Orientations Beginning With Aristotle

2167 Words Dec 15th, 2016 9 Pages
For many years, philosophers have tried to distinguish the difference in having courage and having fear. Do the courageous have fear or do they just have a particular way of approaching fear? Death is an important factor that plays into courage because there are many courageous acts that one could take part in that could mean their ultimate demise. Can the courageous fear death or should they even fear death? Every day people are put into situations that can mean life or death. What does it truly mean to be courageous? Is it nearly getting yourselves into situations that bring you to the brink of death or is it not fearing death itself? These are questions that we look to solve every day and philosophers like Aristotle and Lucretius have taken the approach to explain why one should either feel courageous or why one should not fear death. In this paper I will evaluate these different philosophical orientations beginning with Aristotle. In the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle begins to describe courage as the appropriate attitude towards fear (Aristotle, 1999). Everyone has a fear for something, but they know how to handle that fear by having that courage to withstand it. A good example of this would have to be facing fear itself, like getting mugged or getting held up at gun point. A typical human being would consider a stick up to be very frightening. In many cases, some victims would attempt to subdue the attacker or even attack them which may result in themselves getting…

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