Differences Between Marx And Durkheim

800 Words 4 Pages
Marx and Durkheim had different views on the following issues of the division of labor, the state, human nature and human potential, religion, and the future. In terms of DOL (Division of Labor), Marx believed that the DOL leads to polarization among the proletariat/working class, while Durkheim stated that the division of labor is a specialisation that leads to solidarity in society. According to Marx, the working class faced an increased number of inequalities, but for Durkheim, he said that it brought solidarity, individuals forming relationships with others.
Marx and Durkheim defined history differently. Durkheim believed that history is all about the division of labor, the progression of the DOL. In fact, he broke down into two types
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Marx said that religion is constructed out of the ruling ideas. They come from the superstructure. Whereas Durkheim has a different view of religion. He said that religion is socially constructed. He believed that all religions are real. Durkheim did not adhere to anyone’s religion. No religion is any more real than another. He also stated that religion is the source of needed regulation and integration. In fact, religion is always a way for society to create integration, social cohesion, regulation to put any collective consciousness. That is why there are so many penal laws in mechanical solidarity because, in one religion, everyone adheres to that …show more content…
But yet, they had different views of how human nature shapes individuals. For Marx, people were shaped by the mode of production, and their ruling ideas, while Durkheim said that people were shaped by society. Another essential point, Marx stated was that people meet their own needs through productive activity and that people are multi-talented to perform many tasks such being a fisherman, a hunter, etc. However, Durkheim believes that human beings have distinct talents and abilities, and they should be sorted into different jobs based on their

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