Dialect Leveling And Language Change

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The main aim of this work is to analyze the meaning of dialect levelling in the broader context of the language change. Going through specific study cases this work will identify the factors that causes dialect accommodation phenomenon and the effect that this is having on identities of local communities. Analyze geographical factors and social-psychological implication will give us a clearer picture of the dialect continue change that has been occurring in Britain, and it’s consequences. Dialect leveling is an inevitable consequence of contact between two dialects or a standard language and a dialect. Dialect levelling is described by Hinskens (1993: 40) as "the process of reduction of language structural variation", more specifically "the process of the reduction of both intrasystemic and intersystemic variation"
(Hinskens, Kallen & Taeldeman 2000). This view is shared by Trudgill, who refers to it as "the reduction or
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Why does it occur? The first factor we need to discuss is the need to be understood. When we meet someone from a different region or country and we have the necessity to communicate and be understood we will automatically standardize the way we speak. The speaker sometimes can acquire an awareness of what kind of features the interlocutors will struggle to understand (see Hugen’s 1966 discussion of intra-scandinavian communication) and accommodate his dialect or accent.

The reasons behind this variation can be found in…. The first is the geographical diffusion factor, called regional dialect leveling, which is a process that involves features spreading out from a populous, economically and culturally dominant center to the surrounding areas (Britain 2002a;Trudgill1983). Levelling (as distinct from regional dialect levelling) is necessarily restricted to smaller geographical areas, such as new towns or compact regions; and non-contact, extra-linguistic factors including identity, attitudes and

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