Diabetes: The Effects on People and their Families "The current world acknowledges diabetes as an epidemic that must be addressed with the utmost importance. There are sixteen million people living with diabetes in the United States currently, and 200,000 people die annually from the disease and its complications" (Galmer, 2008, p. xvi). Diabetes is a metabolic disease. A person with diabetes cannot properly absorb the appropriate amount of sugar from the blood due to the lack of insulin. Diabetes causes higher levels of glucose to be found in the blood than normal. In 1889 Joseph von Mering and Oskar Minkowski discovered the role of the pancreas in diabetes through experiments on dogs. When removing the pancreas in dogs, they showed the same symptoms of people with diabetes. Later in 1910 Sir Edward Albert-Shafer discovered the role of the hormone insulin in diabetes. Insulin is produced by the pancreas. It regulates the amount of glucose in the blood. Therefore, when the body does not produce enough insulin, the blood glucose levels are not controlled.
The problem with diabetes is the number of cases. The number of people diagnosed with diabetes is growing throughout the world. Another problem is that it is a chronic disease. With no cure, the number of people diagnosed with it can only rise. People and their families are effected by diabetes through the causes, effects, and treatments.
Causes Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes have different causes but both deal…