Development Of Gestalt Psychology And Psychology Essay

1342 Words Mar 8th, 2016 6 Pages
Development of Gestalt Psychology While on a train ride from Vienna to Germany, psychologist Max Wertheimer had a visual experience, leading him to question how a stationary object could be perceived as moving when in fact it was not. As the story goes, Wertheimer departed the train and immediately began to investigate the phenomenon of how the mind organizes and perceives visual experiences (Rock & Palmer, 1990). Colleagues and fellow psychologists, Kurt Koffka and Wolfgan Kohler, soon joined Wertheimer in his investigational study, developing what would come to be known as the phi phenomenon. Max Wertheimer’s publication regarding the phi phenomenon is considered to be the pivotal theory founding the Gestalt school of psychology (Wertheimer, 2014). Wertheimer’s article discussed the phenomenon of apparent motion, the perception of movement between two objects despite the fact the two objects are stationary (Kimchi, Behrman, & Olsen, 2003). Based on their studies, Wertheimer and his colleagues concluded that the mind creates its own unique patterns of organization in regards to what it sees. In short, the mental "wholes" superseded that of its parts (Kimchi, Behrman, & Olson, 2003). From this Wertheimer proposed a new psychological approach based on his conclusion that cognitive processes consist mainly of these perceived wholes rather than the summation of experiences proposed by structuralism founder, Wilhelm Wundt and other psychological…

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