Depression: Unipolar and Bipolar Disorders Essay

1455 Words Oct 10th, 2012 6 Pages
Depression: Unipolar and Bipolar Disorders Almost everyone experiences mood changes in their lives. They feel happy or elated when things are going their way. Maybe Dave got a raise at work or Gary caught a glimpse of the pretty girl he has a crush on. They feel sad or upset when things are not going their way. Perhaps Becky’s television went shot or Marilyn just found out her favorite uncle has cancer. These feelings are normal and usually do not last very long. When feelings of intense sadness or feelings or extreme elation last for a long time and they interfere with normal functioning they are considered to be mood disorders such as depression or mania (Comer, 2011, p. 193). Depression is a sad, low state where life seems dark and …show more content…
194). Unipolar depression may be caused by a greater number of stressful life events in the weeks leading up to the onset of the disorder (Comer, 2011, p. 197). Certain drugs and diseases are known to produce mood changes (Comer, 2011, p. 198). Genetic research suggests that some people may inherit a predisposition to unipolar depression (Comer, 2011, p. 198). Biochemical research suggests that chemicals in the brain, brain circuits, and the body’s endocrine system may all play a role in causing unipolar depression (Comer, 2011, pp. 199-200). Symptoms of unipolar depression include fatigue or loss of energy almost every day, a depressed mood during most of the day, especially in the morning, feelings of worthlessness or guilt almost every day, indecisiveness or impaired concentration, diminished interest or pleasure in almost all activities nearly every day, insomnia or hypersomnia almost every day, recurring thoughts of death or suicide, significant weight gain or weight loss, and a sense of being slowed down or restlessness (WebMD, 2012). According to the DSM-IV-TR, at least five of these symptoms must be present for a period of at least two weeks for a major depressive episode to be diagnosed (Comer, 2011, p. 197). Episodes may also include delusions or hallucinations (Comer, 2011, p. 197). Treatments for unipolar depression include antidepressant drugs, such as MAO inhibitors, tricyclics, and SSRIs,

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