Elements Of Critical Race Theory

911 Words 4 Pages
“Our social world, with its rules, practices, and assignments of prestige and power, is not fixed (….) By writing and speaking against them, we may hope to contribute to a better, fairer world” (Delgado et al. 3)
Richard Delgado and Jean Stefancic phrase in their introduction to Critical race theory: the cutting edge, collection of essays, what in their opinion is the main essence of critical race theory. The intersection of race and law as well a power structure is a main element discussed in the collection of essays. In general, critical race theory is concerned with the law which following the Constitution is supposed to be colorblind and neutral. Nevertheless, for many critical race scholars “general
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Additionally, Derrick Bell and Alan Freeman, critical race scholars, were both disappointed by how slowly racial reforms in the US were past. This new racism was more difficult to combat than the discrimination before the civil rights era. Derrick Bell and Alan Freeman announced the idea that racism is normal, “not aberrant in the American society” (Delgado et al. 40) because over time it becomes natural to those living in it. Two of the key concepts of critical race theory are racialism and racism. Racialism, after Tyson, refers “to the belief in racial superiority, inferiority, and purity” (Tyson 360) which is based on the believe that there is a physical and intellectual trait that separates race. The more frequently used term of racism states that “there are unequal power relations that grow from the sociopolitical domination of one race over another” (Tyson 360), which consequently results in systematic discrimination. Those who are in charge, have the power. For Shirley Better racism can be divided into individual and institutional racism, which is a form of the systematic practice of racism. Whereas institutional racism “denotes those patterns, procedures, …show more content…
Derrick Bell uses the term “interest convergence” to describe that racism up to now is a common phenomenon because it is used to maintain own interests.Tyson notices that “racism has many pay-offs for white” (371) and therefore describes a problem critical race theory pays attention to. Many critical race theorists believe interest convergence to be” one of the many primary causes, if not the primary cause, of racism. (Tyson 372). But critical race theory shows that the discrimination of people of color is not their only topic it is concerned with. Intersectionality means that “race intersects with class, sex, sexual orientation (…) informing each person’s complex identity.” (Tyson 376). Critical race theory does not directly address literature, but it influences with its theories and definition new perspectives and interpretations. In American literature, African American criticism is the most popular implementation of critical race theory. Usually, African American is primarily concerned with African American authors who can describe the experience of racism and “realities of political, social and economic power” (Tyson 385). African American Criticism

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