Critical Race Theory Research Paper

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CRITICAL RACE THEORY AS A LENS FOR EXPLORING HEALT 2
CRITICAL RACE THEORY AS A LENS FOR EXPLORING HEALT 4

Critical Race Theory as a Lens for Exploring Health Disparities in the Deaf Population
Christie Emerson
Kennesaw State University

Running head: CRITICAL RACE THEORY AS A LENS FOR EXPLORING HEALT 1

Critical Race Theory as a Lens for Exploring Health Disparities in the Deaf Population
Among persons who are deaf and hard of hearing there is much variation regarding their lack of hearing ability. These variations include level of hearing, how deafness occurred, age of onset, method(s) of communication, educational background, and cultural identity (National Association of the Deaf, n.d.). In the book Deaf in America: Voices
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Deaf people are frequently excluded from outreach programs, and media health information (Pick, 2013). According to Barnett et al. (2011), they are medically underserved and regularly excluded from public health surveillance and health research.
The greatest difficulty for Deaf patients is communication with the healthcare team and system (Kuenburg, Fellinger, & Fellinger, 2016; Sheppard, 2014).? Sign language is not a global language and it is not based on a local spoken language.? ASL is not based on English and is not easily translated into English, therefore even well-educated Deaf individuals may have trouble understanding documents in written English (Scheier, 2009). This limits access to health information gained through usual methods such as literature, and media (Sheppard, 2014). These communication barriers directly bring about inadequate population assessment, limited treatment access, insufficient follow-up and poorer health outcomes (Pick, 2013). Disparities in access to mental health services for Deaf persons are also linked to communication obstacles (Mathos, Kilbourne, Myers, & Post, 2009; Sheppard,
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(2003). Using critical race theory: an analysis of cultural differences in healthcare education. Midwest Research-to-Practice Conference in Adult, Continuing, and Community Education, Columbus, OH.
Delgado, R., & Stefancic, J. (2012). Critical race theory: An introduction
(2nd ed.). New York, NY: New York University Press. Retrieved from https://read.amazon.com/?asin=B007KGGLQO
Emond, A., Ridd, M., Sutherland, H., Allsop, L., Alexander, A., & Kyle, J. (2015). The current health of the signing deaf community in the UK compared with the general population: A cross-sectional study. BMJ Open, 5(1), e006668-e006668. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006668
Fellinger, J., Holzinger, D., & Pollard, R. (2012). Mental health of deaf people. Lancet, (9820)
Ford, C. L., & Airhihenbuwa, C. O. (2010a). Critical race theory, race equity, and public health: Toward antiracism praxis. American Journal of Public Health, 100 Suppl 1, S30-S35. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2009.171058
Ford, C. L., & Airhihenbuwa, C. O. (2010b). The public health critical race methodology: Praxis for antiracism research. Social Science & Medicine, 71(8), 1390-1398.

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