Crime Pattern Theory And The Routine Activity Theory Essay example

793 Words Oct 2nd, 2015 4 Pages
There are many theories that explain why crimes occur in some places and not in others. For example, the routine activity theory explains that “crime occurs when a motivated offender, a suitable target and the lack of capable guardian coverage in the same place at the same time”. (National Institute of Justice, 2013). Meaning that criminals choose to find their targets within context of their routine activities. The broken windows theory suggest that when maintaining and monitoring urban environment may prevent small crimes. Situational crime prevention theory says that public and crime can be prevented by reducing the chances of crime. For instance, putting more light in dark areas or increase police presence in the area. Crime pattern theory focuses on crime as a complex event that needs many different fundamentals for its incidence. An example can be rich neighborhoods are hot spots because residents do not lock their doors or have security alarms. Finally social disorganization theory explains that crime happens when community relationships and local institutions fail or are inattentive.
Hot spot policing can reduce crime in both the hot spot and surrounding areas. “Crime occurs mostly in small areas, or hot spots that account for a disproportionate amount of crime disorder”. (National Institute of Justice, 2013). There are certain times, days, and locations when disorder tend to concentrate. For example, most of the assaults are frequently between 3:00 a.m. and 7:00…

Related Documents