Cotton Production And Trade Essay

1021 Words Dec 12th, 2015 5 Pages
In Empire of Cotton, we can observe that the industrialized cotton production, once linked metropole and colonies together, propelled nationalist independence movements in the 20th century. Facing the labor unions demanding high wages, European and North American cotton manufacturers relocated their factories to the Global South to acquire cheap labors. The relocation was accompanied by the ideology of industrial capitalism, modern cotton manufacturing technology, managerial skills in factories, and the manipulation of local markets. Learning the profitability of cotton production and trade, the indigenous capital holders built up their own plants and took advantage of the low-cost workers who had mastered the cotton manufacturing skills in the relocated factories of the empires. The local plant owners believed that their survival and prosperity depended on a strong central government and state-protected markets, which were the key to the earlier success of the empires. Their wish coincided with the calls of local nationalists and accelerated the independence movements in the Global South. In this book, Beckert described the cotton-led Indian nationalist movements in details. The Indian cotton entrepreneurs accused the colonial government of denying them the benefit of a protected market in India and the high tax imposed on them. During their political campaigns, they were echoed by Indian nationalists who expressed opposition to the colonial tariff policies. Besides the…

Related Documents