The Israel-Palestinian Conflict
Seeking a compromise with the Palestinians, most Zionists accepted the decision. The Zionist revisionist minority demanded a state on both banks of the Jordan river. Growing Zionist presence enraged the Palestinians and led to clashes. In 1936, Palestinians rebelled against British rule and demanded independence from Britain. In 1937, the Peel commission recommended the division of Palestine between Jews and Palestinians. The mainstream Land of Israel Workers Party ( MAPAI) accepted the idea but the Zionist revisionists and Palestinians opposed the idea. In 1939, Britain declared that henceforth Palestinians would rule Palestine. The Zionists disagreed and rebelled in 1945. Britain decided to leave Palestine and submit the issue to the United Nations. In 1947, the UN voted to partition Palestine into Palestinian and Israeli states. In 1948 Arab states attack Israel, sparking the Arab-Israeli war. Israel won the war and ended up with more land than was stipulated to the Jewish state in the UN partition plan.
Phase 3: ( 1949-1967)
Israel signed armistice agreements with Arab states in Rhodes in 1949, but not with the Palestinians. Majority Israelis come to view the Rhodes Armistice Lines as Israel’s permanent boundary. Though interested in the idea of acquiring all of Palestine and part of Jordan, the revisionist Herut party gives up on the idea by the 1960s. Palestinians establish the Palestinian Liberation Organization …show more content…
Though annexing East Jerusalem immediately, Israel dithered to do the same with West Bank. A plan drawn up by Deputy Prime Minister Yigal Allon called for the annexation of areas around Jordan River, around Jerusalem and in the Gaza strip for security reasons, and the return of the rest of the territories to Jordan. In 1970, Israel accepted the land for peace principle enshrined in the UN resolution number 242. PLO said it would accept the resolution if it were amended to include a Palestinian