Conceptualising the Wad Approach Essay

2187 Words Dec 15th, 2015 9 Pages
Conceptualising the WAD Approach
According to Rathgeber (1990), the WAD approach emerged as a neo-Marxist feminist approach and sought to address the limitations of modernization theory within Women In Development, (WID) approach. The WAD approach emphasizes the idea that the rise of globalisation with its inequitable gender relations and prioritisation of global capitalism was inimical to women and men in the developing countries. Another argument of the WAD approach is that, it accepts women as important economic actors in their societies and argues that women have always been part of the development process, therefore integrating women in development is a myth. A further WAD argument is that the structure of capitalism keeps women at
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In this regard, the WAD approach fights for recognition and acknowledgment of this distinctiveness of the special roles that women have always played in the development process. Razavi and Miller (1995) explains that the WAD perspective gave rise to a persistent call to recognize that women are the mainstay of agricultural production in many areas of Africa, although their contribution has been systematically overlooked and marginalized in national and donor development plans. In light of this notion, the WAD perspective is seen to accentuate the distinctive nature of women’s knowledge, work, goals, and responsibilities, as well as advocating for the recognition of their distinctiveness in the development arena.

According to Reeves (2000), the WAD approach has remained particularly strong, as women continue to organize at the grass-roots level and through broader networks to increase recognition and support for women's special contributions to national development. The continuous pressure applied by organized women's groups remained significant, forcing governments and other agencies to take women seriously and address their concerns. Activists also challenged feminist scholars and academics to strengthen the links between theory and practice and to revise theories to accommodate new forms, of analysis arising from experience. In

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