Comparing and Contrasting Psychoanalytic and Existential/Humanistic Perspectives

4335 Words Aug 14th, 2013 18 Pages
Introduction
This essay is about comparing and contrasting two out of the eight personality theories commonly used to decipher one’s personality. Those two are the psychoanalytic perspective and the existential/humanistic perspective. Both perspectives are equally important as they play a major role in understanding personality in different ways and explaining them as well. Freud’s psychoanalysis helps us to understand the individual’s personality from its early years right up to adulthood while existential and humanistic theorists postulate the interpretation that personality changes throughout the lifetime. The contents of this essay include the comparing and contrasting between the structure, concepts, methods, theorists, and strengths
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People therefore alienate themselves from an object or position of attachment (Friedman & Schustack, 2011). Subjective well-being on the other hand is what individuals think of their own level of happiness or their own quality of life. However, it is not only how well one feels but also about what and why one feels so (Eid & Larsen, 2008).
The existential/humanistic perspective in comparison to the psychoanalytic perspective came up with the idea of alienation and well-being or subjective well-being. It cannot be considered that this made the idea or concepts in opposition to the psychoanalytic Oedipus complex and defense mechanisms but, it seems that the two perspectives were trying to focus on- the self. The self, in the context of the psychoanalytic concepts is either over-attached or, in the context of the humanistic context totally isolated. It could also be the self who is either defending itself, unknowingly, or is quite well with his/her life which is then the subject of the psychoanalytic and the existential/humanistic perspective.
Methods of Psychoanalytic and Existential/Humanistic Approaches
The psychoanalytic perspective follows two main methods, known as free association and dream analysis while the existential/humanistic perspective follows the idea of Carl Rogers’ therapy, also known as client centered therapy. The

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