Comparing Marcuse 's Eros And Civilisation And One Dimensional Man Have Roots

2011 Words Dec 10th, 2016 9 Pages
The theoretical themes in Marcuse’s Eros and Civilisation and One Dimensional Man have roots in both Marx and Freud’s theories. In explaining the existence of society, Marcuse shows how the motivations of the individual maintain social world, but have been shaped by structural forces. Marcuse extends Marx’s argument through the application of Freud’s psychology of the self, in order to explain how order is maintained and how dissent is controlled and repressed by creating one dimensional man [person]. Yet, the revolution Marx envisages is a possibility, if liberated from one dimensional thought. Marcuse employs both micro and macro social analyse, without attempting to create a meta-theory, his situation within the sociological debate argues human choice and compliance within existing social structures.
Through the discussion of ‘socialisation’, ‘repressive desublimation’ and ‘surplus repression’ this essay will demonstrate how Marcuse’s theoretical approach was influenced by classical theorists Marx and Freud. As well as consideration of the key debate in sociology regarding the primacy of structural forces or personal agency in understanding and explaining the social world. Which can subsequently be traced to contemporary theorists. Notably, Giddens’ development of structuration theory and Archer’s understanding of society as a reflexive ongoing process.

Marcuse’s Eros and Civilisation (1969) argues in response to Freud’s Civilisation and its Discontents (1941), the…

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