Compare and Contrast Psychoanalytic and Person-Centered Therapies
Compare and Contrast: Psychoanalytic and Person-Centered Therapies
Leslie A. White
Central Missouri State University
` The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast the differences and similarities associated with Carl Roger’s Client-centered theory and Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytic theory. The focus of the comparisons will fall into the three main topic areas: that of optimal personality development, that of the nature of problem formation, and that of the process of learning and change. The two theorists differ in approach in that Psychoanalytic theory is basically deterministic while Person-Centered therapy is rooted in humanistic and existential philosophies. …show more content…
Personality development is similar between the theorists in regard to the idea of bringing the unconscious to a level of awareness. Freud proposed that the client must develop an understanding of the balance of psychic energy between the id, ego, and superego. With this understanding, the client can gain insight into behavior and make changes accordingly. Likewise, Rogers proposed that awareness and trusting of the OVS must be present to enable the client to reconnect with the personal valuing system.
A point of difference between Rogers and Freud on the view of personality formation is this, Freud proposed that the foundation for personality is developed within the first six years of life. Personality development is a result of how the client deals with anxiety at each of the