Cognitive Psychology Essay

685 Words Sep 21st, 2014 3 Pages
Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive psychology studies how people think. It also studies how people remember, perceive, and learn. It focuses on how humans store information. This fairly new branch of psychology is set up to establish ways to improve memory and increase the ability to make accurate decisions. It is also used in education to develop curriculum that facilitates learning (Cherry, n.d.). Understanding cognition has many implications. In education, it can improve the retention of information and thus place more value on learning. In the work place it could potentially improve efficiency and productivity.
Jean Piaget was the first psychologist to systematically study cognitive development, especially in
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This fact led to researchers developing the computer metaphor. Humans utilize representations and processes much like that of a computer. This metaphor questions what representations humans use and what process we use to manipulate these symbols.
The cognitive revolution occurred from the 1950’s to the 1970’s and began to whittle away at the behaviorist perspective. In 1967, American psychologist Ulric Neisser published a book called Cognitive Psychology. This was the first time this term had been used in the study of cognition. In his book Neisser wrote that “cognition is involved in everything a human being might do; every psychological phenomenon is a cognitive phenomenon,” (Cherry, n.d.).
The advancement of neuroscience is a key milestone in the development of cognitive psychology. Neuroscientists are able to study the mind and how it functions while it’s functioning. With this new technology scientists are finding links between the brain’s functioning and structures (Willingham, 2007). They have been able to find these links in people with brain damage and connect it to changes and deficiencies in cognition. Cognitive psychology utilizes localization to determine specific areas of the brain used in cognition (Willingham, 2007).
Observing behavior is a way to evaluate and test predictions of behavior (Willingham, 2007). Psychologists use behavioral observation to learn how it is as that people learn. Placing

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