Cognitive Behavioral Therapy ( Cbt ) Treatment Outcomes For Individuals Suffering From Generalized Anxiety Disorder

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Like any other cells in the body, when neurons are activated they consume glucose and oxygen to fuel their activity and they produce metabolic waste. According to Sadock, Sadock, and Ruiz (2015), a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) device works from this principal by using high magnetic fields and radio frequencies to indicate activity. The fMRI helps the medical professional to peer into brain activity, not by measuring brain activity directly, but by observing the flux of oxygen content as blood flow increases to support the neural activity (Sadock, Sadock, and Ruiz, 2015). This has led to many uses of fMRI, including the use of fMRI data to predict cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) treatment outcomes for individuals suffering from generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) or panic disorder (PD) (Ball, Stein, Ramsawh, Cambell-Sills, & Paulus, 2014).
Oxygen and the fMRI According to Baars and Gage, (2010), for cells to function they consume oxygen and glucose, and as a byproduct, produce metabolic waste. For cells to continue to function, blood flow must increase to the area of cellular activity to remove waste and replace glucose and oxygen. BOLD, or blood oxygen level dependent activity, utilizes these metabolic processes to identify neural activity to a localized region (Baars & Gage, 2010). As oxygen consumption occurs, it triggers the need for additional blood, rich in oxygen, to flow into that region of neural activity. In anticipation of the potential…

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