Essay on Christopher Columbus 's The Atlantic Ocean

1571 Words Sep 22nd, 2016 7 Pages
Our world would forever be transformed on what is one of the most famous dates in western history. Sailor and explorer Christopher Columbus set sail in 1492 seeking to establish a new, faster, and direct trade route for the Spanish. The controversial thing that sets Columbus apart from other explorers was his belief that he could find India and establish this trade route by sailing west for a relatively short distance time. What he didn’t know, what no one knew, was there was two immense continents directly in his path. The Atlantic Ocean divided the Americas from Africa and Eurasia. Over the next several million years in both the Americas and Afro-Eurasia, biological evolution created two completely separate biological worlds. However, when Christopher Columbus and his crew landed in the Bahamas in October 1492, these two long-separated worlds were reunited. Columbus’ voyage, along with the many voyages that followed, disrupted much of the biological isolation brought about by continental drift. After Columbus’ arrival in the Americas, the animal, plant, and bacterial life of these two worlds began to mix. This process is known as the Columbian Exchange. New diseases were introduced to American populations that had no prior exposure to them. The result was devastating. These populations were also introduced to new weeds and pests, livestock, and pets. New food and fiber crops were introduced to Eurasia and Africa, improving diets and stimulating trade in those regions. In…

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