Essay on Chernobyl Explosion : Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant

871 Words Dec 1st, 2016 4 Pages
Chernobyl Explosion 1986
On April 26, 1986, the Chernobyl nuclear power plant that was in Ukraine, which at that time was a part of the former Soviet Union, exploded causing fires and it released 5% of the radioactive reactor core into the atmosphere (Institute, 2015). This accident caused the largest uncontrolled radioactive release into the environment that was ever recorded and large amounts of radioactive materials were released into the atmosphere for about ten days (Association, 2016). The Soviet authorities began evacuating people from the area within 36 hours after the accident. In the year 1986, 115,000 people were evacuated, later the government further moved another 220,000 people (Institute, 2015). Two plant workers died from injuries suffered from the accident’s explosion, another 28 plant operators and firemen died from acute radiation syndrome within a few weeks of the accident (Association, 2016). It is the only accident in the history of commercial nuclear power to cause fatalities from radiation. It is believed that the accident was responsible for almost 7,000 cases of thyroid cancer among people who were under 18 years old at the time it occurred (Institute, 2015). By 2005, 15 children had died of thyroid cancer (Institute, 2015). According to a United Nations report in 2011, most of the emergency workers and people who lived in the contaminated areas received relatively low radiation doses (Institute, 2015).
The accident is believed to have occurred…

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