Characteristics Of The Indian People Before The Arrival Of Europeans

997 Words Feb 9th, 2016 4 Pages
As we know, the voyage of Christopher Columbus in 1492 implied a big change in the American Continent. But, during thousands of years preceding European contact, the Native American people developed inventive and creative cultures in the North and the South. These Native American persons are commonly called “American Indians” due to the fact that the word "Indian" was an invention of Christopher Columbus, who erroneously thought that he had arrived in the East Indies. In this essay, we are going to talk about the characteristics of the Indian people before the arrival of Europeans.

To start with, it is important to say that before the arrival of Columbus, the Indian population was large between 50 million to 100 million, the hemisphere contained cities, roads, irrigation systems, extensive trade network, and large structures; also, there were different kinds of societies, religious beliefs, customs, gender relations, and they also spoke approximately 2000 different languages. The majority of the Indian population resided in South and Central America, in which the civilizations were more technologically advanced than in the other places of America. That is why, South and Central America civilizations like the Aztecs, Mayans, and Incas developed complex empires with stronger political and economic structures than others. Indians were hunters and farmers, the basis of their agriculture was formed by maize (corn), squash, and beans.…

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